Forage crops Annual Winter


COMMON NAME BOTANICAL NAME CULTIVAR TIME TO SOW SOWING RATE SITE PREFERENCE UTILIZATION
WINTER            
Oats Avena sativa Heros / Saia Overberg Jan – April 40 – 60 All soils, preferably irrigated Good grazing hay and silage. Cover crop for early ryegrass. Better winter production than ryegrass if sown in late autumn.
             
Triticale Triticosecale   March – May 50 All soils, preferably irrigated Tall growing cereal suitable for grazing and silage.
Barley Hordeum vulgare   Jan – April 30 – 50 All soils, preferably irrigated As for oats.
Rye / Stooling Rye Secale cereale SSR.1 Trojan Jan – April 50 All soils, preferably irrigated Better than oats for sheep grazing, otherwise the same.
Vetch Victa sp. Hairy / Wooly pod / Grazing Hifa Feb – March 25 – 30 Most soil forms Usually sown with annual grass or cereal to improve the quality of the grazing. Unpalatable on its own.
             
Lupins Lupinus luteus / yellow Aurga Baer / Juno / Kiev Feb – April 40 – 60 Most soil forms Mainly sown in winter rainfall areas for grazing conserved feed &
  Lutinus albus / white Hantie / Buttercup       inclusion in animal concentrates. May be used to improve poor soils
Serradella Ornithopus sativus Common pink Feb – April 10 – 20 Sandy soils tolerates low fertility Mainly sown in winter rainfall areas and may be used to improve poor soils, grazing or conserved feed.

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